"Numerous people walked right by him in the shelter because he’s missing a leg. I couldn’t say no to him. Meet Maxwell."
Photo/caption via Imgur
it’s been 1 year since the most influential event of all time
HISTORY MEME 3/10 - I N V E N T I O N
T H E T Y P E W R I T E R
The typewriter, like the automobile and the telephone, has had a long history of being created and recreated. In 1714, Englishman Henry Mill had a patent for something similar to a typewriter, but he never created the machine. But since I’m focusing on American history, William Austin Burt is the innovator for which we seek. He created the typographer in 1829. Although the typographer isn’t quite like the typewriter you and I know, it got the job done (and it was the first of it’s kind in America). Since then, the typewriter has taken several different forms, including the nifty Hansen Writing Ball (when I say nifty I mean it) and the Sholes and Glidden typewriter. The first electric typewriter (not to be confused with the electronic typewriter) was produced in 1902, and electric typewriters remained the popular style until 1961 when IBM came out with the IBM Selectric. The electronic typewriter was introduced in 1981 by Xerox Corporation. Of course, as is common with most inventions, the typewriter was outdone by the computer. While carrying an inch thin laptop is more convenient than lugging an 11-15 pound typewriter around in a bulky suitcase, nothing can replace the unmistakable clickity clack tap of typewriter keys. Nothing can replace the countless novels, articles, and letters created by these mechanical gems.
Sugar Skulls by Snow Violent
A series of skull-and-bones shaped sugar cubes that make a spooky addition to any hot beverage.
Today, I found a kitten sized chair and, luckily, I had a kitten to put in it.
television show idea:
men who relentlessly pursue people with inappropriate messages on ok cupid are forced to read everything they’ve said in front of a live studio audience.
And their family is present in said studio audience.
If someone likes a certain type of music, there’s no need to judge them for it. It doesn’t matter what others think of the music as long as you enjoy it (and you’re not blasting it at 2 AM)! ^^
Sooooo much this. I mean, you can criticise and snark at different genres to your heart’s content, but taste in music has absolutely no bearing on whether you’re a good person or not, so why on EARTH should you get angry about any of it?
A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)
(sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.
I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool. But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.
Bread Fraud was a huge thing, Bread was provided to the Roman people by the government - bakers were given grain to make the free bread, but some of them stole the government grain to use in other baked goods and would add various substitutes, like sawdust or even worse things, to the bread instead. So if people complained that their free bread was not proper bread, the stamp told them exactly whose bakery they ought to burn down.
Bread stamps continued to be used at least until the Medieval period in Europe. Any commercially sold bread had to be stamped with an official seal to identify the baker to show that it complied with all rules and regulations about size, price, and quality. This way, rotten or undersized loaves could be traced back to the baker. Bakers could be pilloried, sent down the streets in a hurdle cart with the offending loaf tied around their neck, fined, or forbidden to engage in baking commercially ever again in that city. There are records of a baker in London being sent on a hurdle cart because he used an iron rod to increase the weight of his loaves, and another who wrapped rotten dough with fresh who was pilloried. Any baker hurdled three times had to move to a new city if they wanted to continue baking.
If you have made bread, you are probably familiar with a molding board. It’s a flat board used to shape the bread. Clever fraudsters came up with a molding board that had a little hole drilled into it that wasn’t easily noticed. A customer would buy his dough by weight, and then the baker would force some of that dough through the hole, so they could sell and underweight loaf and use the stolen dough to bake new loafs to sell. Molding boards ended up being banned in London after nine different bakers were caught doing this. There were also instances of grain sellers withholding grain to create an artificial scarcity drive up the price of that, and things like bread.
Bread, being one of the main things that literally everyone ate in many parts of the world, ended up with a plethora of rules and regulations. Bakers were probably no more likely to commit fraud than anyone else, but there were so many of them, that we ended up with lots and lots of rules and records of people being shifty.
Check out Fabulous Feasts: Medieval Cookery and Ceremony by Madeleine Pelner Cosman for a whole chapter on food laws as they existed in about 1400. Plus the color plates are fantastic.
Bread is serious fucking business.
bread is STILL serious fucking business
I recently had to deal with a sack of flour that had been half replaced with soap powder. No jokes.
Another really good and informative book about bread’s significance and place in history is 6000 Years Of Bread! It’s fairly academic, but a fascinating topic and an engaging read.
you guys found out the history of bread
FOOD HISTORY IS THE FUCKING BEST SHUT UP DON’T EVEN LOOK AT ME
i reversed the frames on a thing i was making and
Have you ever felt a potential love for someone?
Like, you don’t actually love them and you know you don’t, but you know you could. You just get so caught up in the way that they do things and the phrases that they use and whenever you see or hear anything similar anywhere else, you immediately think of them. Sometimes you just look at someone and realize that you could easily fall in love with them.
And for all these reasons, I’ve decided to scalp you, and burn your village to the ground.